Key Issues of Deepening Reform
in China Before 2020
1, Birth Control
Start the implementation of a policy where it is permitted to have
two children if ether a husband or a wife is an only child, progressively
adjust and perfect birth policies, stimulate the balanced development
of the population for the long run.
2, Legal System
Abolish the re-education through labour system, perfect punishment
and execution laws for unlawful and criminal acts, complete community
Vigorously develop a mixed ownership economy. A mixed ownership
economy with shareholding that overlaps or mutually blends State-owned
capital, collective capital, non-public capital, etc., is an important
real form of the basic economic system, It is permitted that mixed
ownership economies implement enterprise personnel shareholding,
to shape integrated interests among capital owners and labourers.
It is permitted that non-State-owned capital holds shares in State-owned
capital investment programmes. It is permitted that mixed ownership
economies implement enterprise personnel shareholding, to shape
integrated interests among capital owners and labourers.
Perfect mechanism in which prices are mainly determined by markets.
All prices that can be formed by markets should be submitted to
the market, governments are not to carry out improper interventions.
Move forward with pricing reform in water, oil, natural gas, electricity,
traffic, telecommunications and other such areas, set competitive
market prices free.
Perfect financial market systems. Expand domestic and international
financial openness, under the precondition of strengthening supervision
and management, non-governmental capital meeting conditions is permitted
to sponsor the establishment of small and mid-size banks and other
such financial organs according to the law.
Inward Investment Apart from where enterprise investment
programmes relate to national security and ecological security,
involve the structure of major production forces nationwide, strategic
resource exploitation and major matters of public interest, etc.,
enterprises are to make autonomous decisions according to regulations
without exception, and government is no longer to examine and approve
Outward Investment Broaden enterprise and individual
foreign investment, establish the dominant position of enterprises
and individuals in foreign investment, they are permitted to give
rein to their own advantages, go abroad and launch investment cooperation,
they are permitted to go to all countries and all regions, taking
their own risks, to freely contract projects and business cooperation
programmes, they are permitted to innovate methods of marching out
and launching green-field investment, merger and acquisition investment,
negotiable security investment, joint investment, etc.
7, Real Estate Tax
Progressively establish an individual income tax system that integrates
being comprehensive and categorized. Accelerate real estate tax
legislation and move reform forward in a timely manner, accelerate
resource tax reform, promote the change of environmental protection
fees into taxes.
8, Mortgage of Farmers' Contracted Land
Stabilize rural land contraction relationships and maintain them
unchanged for a long time, under the precondition of persisting
in and perfecting the strictest arable land protection systems,
endow peasants with the powers of possession, use, profit, transmission,
mortgage and guarantee of contracting and operational powers with
regards to their contracted land, peasants are permitted to develop
industrialized agricultural operations with the income from contracting
9, Official Residence System
Standardize and strictly implement leading cadres¨ work and life
guarantee systems, it is not permitted to occupy many houses and
office rooms, it is not permitted to allocate office rooms and living
rooms in excess of quota, it is not permitted to allocate public
cars in violation of regulations, it is not permitted to allocate
secretaries in violation of regulations, it is not permitted to
retain security guards in excess of quota, it is not permitted to
conduct public receptions in excess of standards. Explore the implementation
of an official residence system.
10, Retirement Age
Research the formulation of policies to gradually raise the retirement